CBC Terminologies


The new Competency Based Curriculum highlights Digital Literacy as an important component that Kenyan schools must incorporate in curriculum delivery. It’s important to note that digital literacy doesn’t just mean IT proficiency, it’s actually separate from computer literacy.

  1. The education system is referred to as Competency Based Curriculum (CBC) and takes over from the outgoing system, 8-4-4.
  2. Class is now referred to as Grade.
  3. ECD has two levels only (Pre-Primary 1 and 2) that is PP1 and PP2.
  4. Subject areas are now referred to as Learning areas.
  5. Topics/sub-topics are now known as Strands/
  6. Learning outcomes is the new term that replaces Lesson objectives.
  7. Learning resources are used instead of Teaching aids.
  8. Basic Education will be organized into three (3) levels: Early Years Education, Middle School
    Education and Senior School.
  9. Level 1; Early Years Education will take 5 year: (This shall comprise two years of pre-primary and three years of lower primary school education).
  10. Level 2; Middle School Education will take 6 years: (This shall comprise three years of upper primary and three years of lower secondary education).
  11. Level 3; Senior School Education will take 3 years: (Senior School comprises three years of education targeted at learners in the age bracket of 15 to 17 years and lays the foundation for further education and training at the tertiary level and the world of work. *(There is a high likelihood that these the current National Schools and Extra County schools shall host the Senior School Education.)
  12. Specialization takes place at Senior School. The student can choose between 3 pathways ; The Arts and Sports Science, Social Sciences or Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) pathway.
  13. The Arts and Sports Science pathway comprise of Sports, Performing Arts and Visual Arts.
  14. The Social Science Pathway comprise of Languages & Literature, and Humanities & Business studies.
  15. The Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) pathway comprise of Pure Sciences, Applied Sciences, Technical & Engineering, Careers & Technology Studies.
    Now you know!
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